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  • Writer's pictureMin Jeon

Break Free from the Frequent Pain of Migraines and Chronic Tension Headaches

Migraines and tension headaches affect millions of people worldwide. They can range in symptoms and severity and can significantly impact one's quality of life. Traditional treatments may not always provide satisfactory relief and often involve pharmaceuticals, which may come with side effects and limited long-term benefits. This is where acupuncture may offer a promising alternative. In this blog, we will explore what migraines and tension headaches are, their causes, symptoms, and how acupuncture may potentially provide effective relief for those suffering from these conditions.

Understanding Migraines

Migraines are severe and recurrent headaches that cause intense throbbing or pulsating pain, often on one side of the head, but can affect both sides of the head. They are usually accompanied by other symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light and sound, and visual disturbances. Migraines can last for several hours to days and can be incredibly debilitating.

Potential Causes of Migraines

The exact cause of migraines is not fully understood, but they are believed to result from a combination of genetic, environmental, and neurological factors. Some common triggers for migraines include:

Hormonal Changes:

Fluctuations in estrogen levels, often experienced by women during menstruation, pregnancy, or menopause, can trigger migraines.

Certain Foods:

Certain foods like aged cheeses, processed meats, artificial sweeteners, caffeine, alcohol and foods containing monosodium glutamate (MSG) have been associated with migraines in some individuals.


High levels of stress or sudden changes in stress levels can trigger migraines.

Sensory Stimuli:

Bright lights, loud noises, strong smells, and intense visual stimuli can trigger migraines.

Sleep Irregularities:

Both lack of sleep and excessive sleep can be migraine triggers.

Weather Changes:

Rapid weather changes or extreme weather conditions can trigger migraines.

Neurochemical Imbalances:

Changes in certain brain chemicals, such as serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine, have been linked to migraines.

Physical Factors:

Intense physical exertion or strain, such as heavy lifting or strenuous exercise, can trigger migraines.

Certain Medical Conditions:

Some underlying medical conditions, such as chronic sinusitis, temporomandibular joint disorders (TMJ), and certain vascular disorders, can be associated with migraines.

Potential Symptoms of Migraines

The symptoms of migraines can vary from person to person, and not everyone experiences all of these symptoms. Common symptoms of migraines include:

Intense Headache:

Migraines typically cause a severe, one-sided headache, but they can also affect both sides of the head. The pain often worsens with physical activity.

Throbbing or Pulsating Pain:

The headache often feels like a pounding or throbbing sensation.

Sensitivity to Light (Photophobia):

Bright lights or even normal indoor lighting can worsen the headache.

Sensitivity to Sound (Phonophobia):

Loud noises or certain sounds can aggravate the headache.

Nausea and Vomiting:

Many migraine sufferers experience nausea, which can sometimes lead to vomiting.


Some people experience visual disturbances, difficulty speaking and/or other neurological symptoms before or during a migraine attack. This is called an aura and may include flashing lights, blind spots, zigzag lines, or tingling sensations in the face or limbs.

Dizziness or Vertigo:

Feeling off-balance, dizzy, or experiencing a spinning sensation may occur during a migraine.

Fatigue and Weakness:

Migraines can leave individuals feeling tired and weak.

Neck Pain:

Some people may experience neck pain or stiffness during a migraine.

Difficulty Concentrating:

Migraines can make it challenging to focus or think clearly.

Changes in Appetite:

Some individuals experience changes in appetite during a migraine attack.

Cognitive Symptoms:

Known as "migraine brain fog," some people may experience cognitive difficulties, such as confusion or memory problems, during or after a migraine.

Increased Irritability:

Migraines can lead to irritability or mood changes.

Gradual or Sudden Onset:

Some individuals may experience a slow build-up of migraine symptoms over several hours or even days before the full-blown migraine headache hits (gradual onset). During this time, they might notice subtle changes like mood swings, fatigue, food cravings, neck stiffness, or heightened sensitivity to light and sound. These early signs are referred to as the prodrome phase. On the other hand, some people may experience an abrupt and intense migraine attack without any apparent warning signs. They might suddenly feel a severe throbbing or pulsating headache, accompanied by other symptoms like nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light and sound, and visual disturbances. This phase is often known as the migraine aura or the attack phase.

Frequency of Occurrences Varies:

The frequency of migraines can vary significantly from person to person. Some individuals may experience migraines infrequently, while others may experience them more frequently. Generally, migraines can occur anywhere from a few times a year to multiple times a month.

Understanding Tension Headaches

Tension headaches are the most common type of headache and are typically characterized by a dull, aching pain that feels like a tight band or pressure around the head. They usually occur on both sides of the head and are often described as a constant, steady pain. They may occur occasionally but can occur more frequently and become chronic.

Potential Causes of Tension Headaches

The exact cause of tension headaches is not well understood, but they are often associated with factors such as:

Muscle Tension:

Physical or emotional stress can lead to muscle tension in the head, neck, and shoulders, triggering tension headaches.


Poor posture, especially when sitting at a desk or using electronic devices for extended periods, can contribute to tension headaches.


Prolonged use of digital devices or straining your eyes can be a trigger.

Sleep Issues:

Lack of sleep or poor sleep quality can increase the likelihood of tension headaches.

Stress and Anxiety:

Emotional stress can lead to muscle tension, which can trigger headaches.


Consuming too much caffeine, either through beverages like coffee, tea, or energy drinks, or from certain medications, can lead to tension headaches.


Inadequate fluid intake and dehydration can lead to headaches. Excessive alcohol consumption can lead to dehydration and trigger tension headaches.

Environmental Factors:

Certain environmental factors, such as loud noises, strong odors, or bright lights, can trigger tension headaches in some people.

Physical Inactivity:

A sedentary lifestyle or lack of regular physical activity can contribute to muscle tension and increase the likelihood of tension headaches.

Potential Symptoms of Tension Headaches

Symptoms can vary for each person. Some symptoms of tension headaches may include:

Mild to Moderate, Constant, and Dull Pain:

The pain is often described as a tight or pressing sensation on both sides of the head, as though a tight band is wrapped around the head.

Headache Location:

The pain typically affects the forehead, temples, or the back of the head and neck.

Bilateral Pain:

Tension headaches typically affect both sides of the head, but the pain can be more intense on one side.

No Throbbing Sensation:

Unlike migraines, tension headaches usually do not cause a throbbing or pulsating pain.


Tension headaches can last from a few hours to several days.

Muscle Tenderness:

The muscles in the neck, shoulders, and scalp may be tender to touch and may feel tight or tense.

Sensitivity to Light or Sound:

Some individuals with tension headaches may experience mild sensitivity to light and sound, but it is not as pronounced as in migraines.

Lack of Nausea or Vomiting:

Unlike migraines, tension headaches do not typically cause nausea or vomiting.

No Aura:

Tension headaches usually do not have a pre-headache phase or aura.

Gradual Onset:

Tension headaches typically develop gradually over time, rather than having a sudden onset.


Tension headaches can occur occasionally or, in some cases, frequently and can become chronic.

Potential Benefits of Acupuncture for Migraines and Tension Headaches:

Pain Relief:

Acupuncture may potentially stimulate the release of endorphins, the body's natural pain-relieving chemicals. By promoting the release of endorphins, acupuncture may potentially help reduce the intensity and frequency of migraine and tension headache pain.

Muscle Relaxation:

Acupuncture may promote muscle relaxation and potentially reduce tension in the neck, shoulders, and head areas, which are common triggers for tension headaches.

Stress Reduction:

Stress is a significant factor in both migraines and tension headaches. Acupuncture may potentially help reduce stress levels, promoting relaxation and potentially decreasing the likelihood of headache occurrence.

Improved Blood Flow:

Acupuncture may potentially enhance blood circulation, which may contribute to better oxygenation and nutrient supply to the brain, potentially reducing the frequency and severity of headaches.

Regulation of Neurotransmitters:

Acupuncture may potentially influence the levels of certain neurotransmitters in the brain, such as serotonin and dopamine, which play a role in pain perception and mood regulation.

Anti-Inflammatory Effects:

Some studies suggest that acupuncture may have anti-inflammatory properties, which may be beneficial in reducing the inflammation associated with migraines and tension headaches.

Hormonal Balance:

Acupuncture may influence the endocrine system, helping to balance hormones and reduce the likelihood of headaches triggered by hormonal imbalances.

Improved Sleep:

Acupuncture has been associated with improved sleep quality and may be beneficial for those whose headaches are triggered or exacerbated by sleep disturbances.

Enhanced Central Nervous System Function:

Acupuncture may potentially enhance the central nervous system, including brain activity, which can contribute to the alleviation of headaches.

Reducing Frequency and Severity:

Studies have shown regular acupuncture sessions may reduce the frequency and severity of migraines and tension headaches and may be used as a preventive measure.

Personalized Treatment:

Acupuncture treatments are individualized based on the patient's specific symptoms and underlying imbalances. The personalized treatments are designed to address the root causes of conditions.

Migraines and chronic tension headaches can significantly impact a person's life, causing severe pain and discomfort. While the exact causes of these conditions are complex and not fully understood, acupuncture has emerged as a promising treatment. By stimulating the body's natural healing processes, acupuncture may potentially offer relief from pain, reduce the frequency of headaches, and address underlying imbalances. If you suffer from migraines or chronic tension headaches, considering acupuncture as part of your treatment plan may lead to a path of improved well-being and enhanced quality of life.

If you are seeking relief from migraines or tension headaches and are interested in acupuncture as a potential treatment therapy, please contact us at Acupuncture and Wellness Clinic. Dr. Min K. Jeon's extensive experience in acupuncture and complementary therapies has allowed her to successfully treat migraines and tension headaches, with many of her patients reporting substantial improvements in their conditions. Dr. Min customizes her treatment plans to each individual's unique needs and underlying conditions to achieve the most optimal results. If you would like to schedule a free consultation with Dr. Min to discuss your concerns and a potential treatment plan, please contact us at Acupuncture and Wellness Clinic. We want you to experience the joy of living life free of pain.

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